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Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae of Gunnison County, Colorado

Introducing the Mayfly genus Paraleptophlebia
Prong-gilled Mayflies, Blue Quill

Lestage 1917
Updated 30 April 2013
TSN 101187

Provisional Species List

Good Links

On this website:
Leptophlebiidae Introduction
Key to Leptophlebiidae Nymphs
Key to Leptophlebiidae Adults

Other Websites:


Allan,JD 1978a Diet of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis Mitchell) and Brown Trout (Salmo trutta L.) in an alpine stream. Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie Verhandlungen 20, 2045-2050.

Allan,JD 1978b Trout predation and the size composition of stream drift. Limnology and Oceanography 23 6, 1231-1237.

DeWalt,RE; Stewart,KW; Moulton,SR; Kennedy,JH 1994 Summer emergence of mayflies, stoneflies, and caddisflies from a Colorado mountain stream. Southwestern Naturalist 39 3, 249-256.

Eaton AE. 1883-1888 A revisional monograph of recent Ephemeridae or mayflies. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Second Series, Zoology 3:1-352, 65 pl.

Harper,F and Harper,PP 1986 An annotated key to the adult males of the northwestern Nearctic species of Paraleptophlebia Lestage (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae) with the description of a new species. Canadian Journal of Zoology64: 1460-1468.

Lestage,J-A. 1917 Contribution à l'étude des larves de Éphémères paléarctiques. Annales de Biologie Lacustre 8(3-4):213-458. Abstract

Lugo-Ortiz,CR; McCafferty,WP 1995 Annotated inventory of the mayflies (Ephemeroptera) of Arizona. Entomological News 106 3, 131-140.

Mangum,FA and Madrigal,JL 1999 Rotenone effects on aquatic macroinvertebrates of the Strawberry River, Utah: a five-year summary. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 14(1), 125-135. PDF
     Discussed as Paraleptophlebia sp. Quote from page 131: " An example of a resistant nymph is Paraleptophlebia sp. At most stations on the Strawberry River, its numbers remained consistently highbefore, during and after the rotenone application. This genus was observed to be tolerant to rotenone by Engstrom-Heg et al. (1978); they also found the caddisfly Hydropsyche sp. was tolerant to rotenone. We observed the same for Hydropsyche sp in the Strawberry River and suggest that instream macrophytes could provide the needed oxygen or advantage for survival of this and other benthic species. " Quote from page 133: "Some of the taxa such as Tipula sp. and Paraleptophlebia sp. which were relatively obscure in diverse pre-rotenone communiites became dominant survivors in post-rotenone communities. "

McCafferty,WP; Durfee,RS and Kondratieff,BC 1993 Colorado Mayflies (Ephemeroptera):An annotated inventory. Southwestern Naturalist 38(3):252-274.
     Source of Paraleptophlebia Species List for Gunnison County.

NAWQA National Water-Quality Assessment database said this species was in their samples from Gunnison County. Searched 1Sept2005.

Peckarsky,BL 1980 Influence of detritus on colonization of stream invertebrates. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37, 957-963.

Peckarsky,BL 1983 Biotic interactions or abiotic limitations? A model of lotic community structure. In: Dynamics of Lotic Ecosystems. Eds: Fontaine III,Thomas D; Bartell,Steven M Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 303-323.

Peckarsky,BL 1986 Colonization of natural substrates by stream benthos. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43, 700-709.

Pennack,RW and Ward,JV 1986 Interstital faunal communities of the hyporheic and adjacent groundwater biotopes of a Colorado mountain stream. Archiv für Hydrobiologie Suppl. 74 3, 356-396.
     They found Paraleptophlebia sp. nymphs in the hyporheic zone of the South Platte river in the Front Range of Colorado at 1863 meters elevation.

Randolph,RP; McCafferty,WP 1996 First larval descriptions of two species of Paraleptophlebia (Ephemeroptera:Leptophlebiidae). American Midland Naturalist 107 4, 225-229.

Wang,TQ; McCafferty,WP 1996 New diagnostic characters for the mayfly family Baetidae (Ephemeroptera). Entomological News 107 2, 207-212.

Ward,JV; Stanford,JA 1990 Ephemeroptera of the Gunnison River, Colorado, USA. In: Mayflies and Stoneflies. Ed: Campbell,IC Kluwer Academic Publishers,, 215-220.

Wipfli,MS; Merritt,RW 1994 Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis on nontarget benthic insects through direct and indirect exposure. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 13 2, 190-205.

Zuellig,RE; Kondratieff,BC; Rhodes,HA 2002 Benthos recovery after an eposodic sediment release into a Colorado Rocky Mountain river. Western North American Naturalist 62 1, 59-72.

Brown,WS 2004 Mayflies or Ephemeroptera of Gunnison County, Colorado, USA