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Stoneflies - Plecoptera: Capniidae of Gunnison County, Colorado

Capnia vernalis
Belly Snowfly, Little Black Stone, Black Hares Ear

Newport 1848

Updated 21 May 2016
TSN 102696

Good Links

On this website:
Capniidae Introduction
Capnia Introduction

Other Websites:
Photos, Map, Museum specimens, DNA - Barcodinglife.org


Baumann,RW 1973 Studies on Utah stoneflies (Plecoptera) Western North American Naturalist 33(2) 91-108. PDF

Baumann,RW, Gaufin,AR and Surdick,RF 1977 The stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Rocky Mountains. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 31, 1-208. PDF
     Quote from page 76: "This species can be abundant in large somewhat warmer rivers. The adults emerge from February to early April. "

Kondratieff,BC and Baumann,RW 2002 A review of the stoneflies of Colorado with description of a new species of Capnia (Plecoptera: Capniidae). Transactions of American Entomological Society 128 3, 385-401.
     Quote from page 389: " Previously reported as C. limata Frison by Stark et al. (1973) and synonymized with C. vernalis by Baumann (1973) and recorded by Zwick (1973). This is a common species of lower elevation, larger, warmer, silty atreams and rivers, especially of the Plateau region of western Colorado."

Needham,JG and Claassen,PW 1925 A Monograph of the Plecoptera of North America. Entomological Society of America, Lafayette, Indiana. 397 pages.

Nelson,RC; Baumann,RW 1989 Systematics and distribution of the winter stonefly genus Capnia (Plecoptera: Capniidae) in North America. Great Basin Naturalist 49, 289-363.

Newport,G 1848 On the anatomy and affinities of Pteronarcys regalis Newman; with a postscript containing descriptions of some American Perlidae, together with notes on their habits. Transactions Linnean Society of London 20: 425-452.

Stark,BP; Oblad,BR; Gaufin,AR 1973 An annotated list of the Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Colorado Part I. Entomological News 84 9, 269-277.
     Mentioned as Capnia limata.

Stewart,KW and Stark,BP 2002 Nymphs of North American Stonefly Genera. 2nd edition The Caddis Press, Columbus, Ohio. 510 pages.
     Illustrations of nymph on pages 123-124, figures 7.5-7.6

Brown,WS 2004 Plecoptera or Stoneflies of Gunnison County, Colorado