Stoneflies - Plecoptera: Capniidae of Gunnison County, Colorado
Capnia vernalis Newport 1848
Belly Snowfly, Little Black Stone, Black Hares Ear
Updated 21 May 2016
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Photos, Map, Museum specimens, DNA - Barcodinglife.org
Baumann,RW 1973 Studies on Utah stoneflies (Plecoptera) Western North American Naturalist 33(2) 91-108. PDF
Baumann,RW, Gaufin,AR and Surdick,RF 1977 The stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Rocky Mountains. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 31, 1-208. PDF
Quote from page 76: "This species can be abundant in large somewhat warmer rivers. The adults emerge from February to early April. "
Kondratieff,BC and Baumann,RW 2002 A review of the stoneflies of Colorado with description of a new species of Capnia (Plecoptera: Capniidae). Transactions of American Entomological Society 128 3, 385-401.
Quote from page 389: " Previously reported as C. limata Frison by Stark et al. (1973) and synonymized with C. vernalis by Baumann (1973) and recorded by Zwick (1973). This is a common species of lower elevation, larger, warmer, silty atreams and rivers, especially of the Plateau region of western Colorado."
Needham,JG and Claassen,PW 1925 A Monograph of the Plecoptera of North America. Entomological Society of America, Lafayette, Indiana. 397 pages.
Nelson,RC; Baumann,RW 1989 Systematics and distribution of the winter stonefly genus Capnia (Plecoptera: Capniidae) in North America. Great Basin Naturalist 49, 289-363. PDF
Newport,G 1848 On the anatomy and affinities of Pteronarcys regalis Newman; with a postscript containing descriptions of some American Perlidae, together with notes on their habits. Transactions Linnean Society of London 20: 425-452.
Stark,BP; Oblad,BR; Gaufin,AR 1973 An annotated list of the Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Colorado Part I. Entomological News 84 9, 269-277.
Mentioned as Capnia limata.
Stewart,KW and Stark,BP 2002 Nymphs of North American Stonefly Genera. 2nd edition The Caddis Press, Columbus, Ohio. 510 pages.
Illustrations of nymph on pages 123-124, figures 7.5-7.6