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Stoneflies - Plecoptera: Perlidae of Gunnison County, Colorado

Acroneuria abnormis Common Stonefly, Golden Stone

(Newman 1838)
Updated 14 March 2015
TSN 102919

Notes

Older publications may refer to this species as Perla abnormis.

Good Links

On this website:
Perlodidae Introduction


Other Websites:
Photos, Map, Museum specimens, DNA - Barcodinglife.org

Photos - from Troutnut.com

Map - Kondratieff, Boris C. and Richard W. Baumann (coordinators). 2000. Stoneflies of the United States. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. (Version 12DEC2003). http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/insects/sfly/usa/361.htm

PAN Pesticides database: http://www.pesticideinfo.org/List_AquireAll.jsp?Species=2904&Effect=

References

Baumann,RW; Gaufin,AR; Surdick,RF 1977 The stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Rocky Mountains. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 31, 1-208.
     They note "Nymphs of this species have been incorrectly called both Calineuria californica and Doroneuria theodora in the past. The adults emerge from June to August." Figure 465 illustrates male genitalia in dorsal view and Figure 466 shows the female subgenital plate on page 157.

Bottorff,RL; Knight,AW 1987 Ectosymbiosis between Nanocladius downesi (Diptera: Chironomidae) and Acroneuria abnormis (Plecoptera: Perlidae) in a Michigan stream, USA) Entomol. Gener. 12: 97-113.
     Abstract: " All larval instars and pupae of the chironomid Nanocladius downesi (Steffan 1965) are found living ectosymbiotically on the stonefly All larval instars and pupae of the chironomid Nanocladius downesi (Steffan 1965) are found living ectosymbiotically on the stonefly Acroneuria abnormis (Newman 1838) in a Michigan stream, USA. Midge larvae occur year-round on the stonefly; pupae occur from April-September. Infestations are highest in autumn-winter and lowest in summer. Overwintering midge larvae synchronize their development to emerge prior to the May-July stonefly emergence. Midge density and instar influence attachments sites on the hosts; both larvae and pupae are most abundant on the mesothoracic wing sheaths. The spatial dispersion of midge larvae on the host stonefly population alternate between random (May-Aug) and regular (Sept-Apr). Territoriality between midge larvae is indicated by (1) changes in attachment site with midge density and instar, and (2) the spatial dispersion of midges on the host stonefly population. Possible benefits and costs of this ectosymbiosis are discussed. Acroneuria abnormis (Newman 1838) in a Michigan stream, USA. Midge larvae occur year-round on the stonefly; pupae occur from April-September. Infestations are highest in autumn-winter and lowest in summer. Overwintering midge larvae synchronize their development to emerge prior to the May-July stonefly emergence. Midge density and instar influence attachments sites on the hosts; both larvae and pupae are most abundant on the mesothoracic wing sheaths. The spatial dispersion of midge larvae on the host stonefly population alternate between random (May-Aug) and regular (Sept-Apr). Territoriality between midge larvae is indicated by (1) changes in attachment site with midge density and instar, and (2) the spatial dispersion of midges on the host stonefly population. Possible benefits and costs of this ectosymbiosis are discussed. "

Clubb,RW; Gaufin,AR; Lords,JL 1975 Acute cadmium toxicity studies upon nine species of aquatic insects. Environmental Research 9, 332-341.

Dodds,GS; Hisaw,FL 1925 Ecological studies on aquatic insects. IV. Altitudinal range and zonation of mayflies, stoneflies and caddisflies in the Colorado Rockies. Ecology 6 4, 380-390.

Hagen, HA, 1874 Report on the Pseudo-neuroptera and Neuroptera collected by Lieut. W.L. Carpenter in 1873 in Colorado. Annual Report of the U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, embracing Colorado, 7: 571-577.
     Discussed as Perla abnormis.


Harper,PP; Ricker,WE 1994 Distribution of Ontario Stoneflies (Plecoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 125, 43-66.

Needham,JG and Claassen,PW 1925 A Monograph of the Plecoptera of North America. Entomological Society of America, Lafayette, Indiana. 397 pages.







Newman,E 1838 Entomological notes. Entomological Magazine 5:168-181.
     Described as Perla abnormis on pages 177 and 178:


Peckarsky,BL 1979 A review of the distribution, ecology, and evolution of the North American species of Acroneuria and six related genera (Plecoptera: Perlidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 52 4, 787-809.

Peckarsky,BL 1986 Colonization of natural substrates by stream benthos. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43, 700-709.

Peckarsky,BL 1987 Mayfly cerci as defense against stonefly predation: deflection and detection. Oikos 48 2, 161-170.

Richardson,JW and Gaufin,AR 1971 Food habits of some western stonefly nymphs. Transactions of American Entomological Society 97, 91-121.

Stark,BP and Gaufin,AR 1976a The nearctic genera of Perlidae (Plecoptera). Miscellaneous Publications of the Entomological Society of America 10, 1-80.

Stark,BP and Gaufin,AR 1976b The nearctic species of Acroneuria (Plecoptera: Perlidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 49 2, 221-253.

Walton,OEJ; Reice,SR and Andrews,RW 1977 The effects of density, sediment particle size and velocity on drift of Acroneuria abnormis (Plecoptera). Oikos 28, 291-298.

Warnick,SL and Bell,HL 1969 The acute toxicity of some heavy metals to different insects. Journal WPCF 41 2, 280-284.

Wipfli,MS and Merritt,RW 1994 Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis on nontarget benthic insects through direct and indirect exposure. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 13 ()2) 190-205.


egg

genital hooks

head

subgenital plate

Brown,WS 2004 Plecoptera or Stoneflies of Gunnison County, Colorado
www.gunnisoninsects.org
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